Its market is young but keeps growing, the construction companies do not give it up, fans love its versatility. The E-Bike, or electric bike, is on everyone's lips.
But what is it exactly? How does it work? What kind of engine does it has? In this world yet to be discovered many are the questions about it.
We tried to give an answer to the most frequent ones:
1- What is it?
E-Bike is short for electric bike. The term is generally used to refer to a bike equipped with an electric motor. On the market are also called pedelec or pedal assistance bike.
2- Where is the engine installed?
There are three different types: the central engine, the engine on the front hub or on the rear hub. The central one is compact and is developed with all components, such as battery and display. It can be installed on a dedicated frame or on the standard one, offering maneuverability and a feeling of "natural" pedaling.
Those installed on the front hub or on the rear hub are less expensive and do not require a dedicated frame. They are easy to assemble and maintenance but the pedaling feeling is more "artificial".
3- What is the conversion kit?
It allows to transform a traditional bike into an E-Bike. There are different solutions on the market to install the engine on the front or on the rear wheel, or on the central part.
4- The battery?
The most advanced ones are the lithium-ion battery. The most common are from 24/26 Volt, they charge in about 4/6 hours with standard battery charger, they weigh 2-3 kg and last approximately 800/1200 refills.
The complete E-bike are from a minimum of 700/800 euro for simple city bikes up to more than 4000 euro for the E-Mountain bike full suspended.
6- How to choose it?
You have to pay attention to the E-Bike or to the kit that you buy: always make sure that the system is certified according to regulations and contact qualified shops. It’s important to always ask for a product covered by the warranty.
7- How are they regulated by the Highway Code?
With the engine off, the E-Bike is like a traditional bike. The engine's service is limited by law to 25 km/h, with maximum power of 0.25 kW. It must respect the ‘Article CDS 50’ and the European directive ‘EN 15194’.